Washington, D.C. lies midway all along the eastern coast of the United States, about 90 miles internal from the Atlantic Ocean, south of Maryland, north of Virginia and 233 miles south of New York City. Situated on the northern bank of the Potomac River, its size is around 68 square miles, imprinted out of land donated by the condition of Maryland.
Divided into four quadrants: Northwest, Southwest, Northeast, and Southeast. The U.S. Capital building marks the center where the quadrants assemble. It was establish in 1791 and named after leader George Washington. "Columbia" in "District of Columbia" refers to Christopher Columbus.
Washington, the Region of Columbia is not a state, nor is it part of any state. It is a exclusive "federal district" created particularly to be the seat of government. The definite populace in D.C. is around 553,500, but if you include the entire Metro area, the inhabitants is around 5.8 million.
The "Washington Metropolitan Area" refers to the District of Columbia advantage seven Maryland countries (Anne Arundel, Charles, Calvert, Frederick, Howard, Montgomery and Prince George's), five Virginia countries (Arlington, Fairfax, Loudon, Prince William and Stafford) and five Virginia cities (Alexandria, Falls Church, Fairfax City, Manassas and Manassas Park).
Washington, D.C. is exclusive amongst American cities because it was recognized by the establishment of the United States to serve as the nation’s capital. From the commencement it has been involved in political maneuvering, sectional conflicts and issues of race, nationwide identity, compromise and, of course, power.
The option of Washington’s site along the Potomac and Anacostia Rivers resulted from cooperation between Alexander Hamilton and northern states that required the new centralized government to assume Revolutionary War debts and Thomas Jefferson and southern states who wanted the resources placed in a location gracious to slave-holding agricultural interests.